A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.
Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.
Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
The condition of the person, their family lineage, the substance in question, and the person involved are some of the factors that determine the possible signs and symptoms of addiction.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
The person may also develop a voracious appetite. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. Sacrifices might be made in other parts of their budget so they can make sure they always have their substance of choice.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Secrecy and solitude - often, addicts will take their substance alone and in secret.
Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Clashing with the law - this is more typical of certain alcohol and drug dependencies (e.g. not nicotine). This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.